Piles or haemorrhoids are swollen or enlarged blood vessels inside or around the rectum and anus.
Mr. Abhay Chopada a laparoscopic general and colorectal consultant specialises in the surgical and non-surgical treatment of piles. As one of UK’s Top Surgical Gastroenterologists, is well known for his expertise in this field.
What are Piles?
Piles or haemorrhoids are swollen or enlarged blood vessels inside or around the rectum and anus. When veins in the lining of the anus and rectum become enlarged,they are filled withexcess blood,and causethe underlying tissues to also swell, forming abnormal lumps. It occurs most commonly in individuals over 50 years of age.
Haemorrhoids are classified into two types. They include:
- Internal Haemorrhoids: These are swellings that develop inside the anus. You may not be able to see or feel them. Sometimes, they may protrude through the anus to form external haemorrhoids.
- External Haemorrhoids: These are swellings that develop outside the anuswhile passing stools. You may be able to see and feel them. Formations of blood clots in external haemorrhoids are called thrombosed haemorrhoids and are extremely painful.
Piles are caused due to excessive abdominal pressure from standing or sitting for long periods, being obese, pregnancy and straining during constipation. Diet plays an important role in causing and preventing piles. People who consume more processed food, and less fibre and fluids may develop piles as a result of producing hard stools and straining during bowel movements.